India was the world’s second-largest steel producer with production standing at 111.2 million tonnes (MT) in 2019. The growth in the Indian steel sector has been driven by domestic availability of raw materials such as iron ore and cost-effective labour. Consequently, the steel sector has been a major contributor to India’s manufacturing output.The Indian steel industry is modern with state-of-the-art steel mills. It has always strived for continuous modernisation of older plants and up-gradation to higher energy efficiency levels.Indian steel industry is classified into three categories – major producers, main producers and secondary producers. Aluminium Industry is the second most important metallurgical industry in India. The industry is primarily dominated by companies such as Hindalco and Vedanta. Aluminum is the second most used metal in the world after steel with an annual consumption of approximately 88 million tonnes (including scrap). It is also the fastest growing metal which has grown by nearly 20 times in the last sixty years (compared to 6 to 7 times for other metals).